USDA Hogs & Pigs Report 06/25 14:29
US June 1 Hog Inventory Up 5% From Year Ago
2019 2020 2020 as
(1,000 head) (1,000 head) (percent)
All Hogs June 1 75,725 79,634 105%
Kept for Breeding 6,410 6,326 99%
Kept for Marketing 69,316 73,308 106%
Under 50 lbs. 22,210 22,160 100%
50-119 lbs. 19,693 20,370 103%
120-179 lbs. 14,396 16,090 112%
180 lbs. 13,017 14,687 113%
Mar-May 3,133 3,172 101%
Jun-Aug* 3,275 3,123 95%
Sep-Nov* 3,265 3,090 95%
Mar-May Pig Crop 34,454 34,933 101%
(number) (number) (percent)
Mar-May Pigs Per Litter 11.00 11.01 100%
OMAHA (DTN) -- OMAHA (DTN) -- United States inventory of all hogs and pigs
on June 1, 2020, was 79.6 million head. This was up 5% from June 1, 2019,
and up 3% from March 1, 2020.
Breeding inventory, at 6.33 million head, was down 1% from last year, and
down 1% from the previous quarter.
Market hog inventory, at 73.3 million head, was up 6% from last year, and
up 3% from last quarter.
The March-May 2020 pig crop, at 34.9 million head, was up 1% from 2019.
Sows farrowing during this period totaled 3.17 million head, up 1% from
2019. The sows farrowed during this quarter represented 50% of the
breeding herd. The average pigs saved per litter was a record high of
11.01 for the March-May period, compared to 11.00 last year.
United States hog producers intend to have 3.12 million sows farrow during
the June-August 2020 quarter, down 5% from the actual farrowings during
the same period one year earlier, and down 2% from the same period two
years earlier. Intended farrowings for September-November 2020, at 3.09
million sows, are down 5% from the same period one year earlier, and down
4% from the same period two years earlier.
The total number of hogs under contract owned by operations with over
5,000 head, but raised by contractees, accounted for 49% of the total
United States hog inventory, up 2% from the previous year.
"Hog inventory as of June 1 totaled 79.6 million head. This is a 5%
increase over year-ago levels and a 2.5% increase over March levels," said
DTN Livestock Analyst Rick Kment.
"Slaughter reductions by plants through the COVID-19 crisis have continued
to back up supply levels of hogs in most categories," Kment said. "Hogs
over 180 pounds increased 13% from year-ago levels and increased 6% from
March 1 levels. Continued strong increases in hogs weighing 120 pounds and
greater was the biggest shift in inventory levels, indicating that hog
availability to plants will remain burdensome through the rest of the
summer and most of the fall months.
"Hogs kept for breeding decreased 1% from year-ago levels, indicating a
shift in herd expansion, but not showing as significant of a change in
long-term direction that some had expected. Farrowing intentions for June
through August have fallen 5% from year-ago head, focusing on lighter
supplies in early 2021.
"Although the report focuses on the continued bearishness of the hog
industry, overall hog numbers, especially in higher weight categories, is
not as aggressive as many have feared. This will likely continue to put
pressure on nearby contracts, while allowing for some limited support to
develop in long-term market direction."
To view the full Quarterly Hogs and Pigs report, visit
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